Dambulla is sited on a gigantic rock which towers more than 160m above the surrounding land. caves were the refuge of King Walagamba (Vattagamini Abhaya) (103 BC-1st rule and 89 - 76 BC 2nd rulling period. When he was exile for 14 years and when he return to the throne at Anuradapura in the 1st century BC, he had a magnificent rock temple built at Dabulla. The site has being repaired and repainted several times in the 11th, 12th and 18th centuries. The caves has a mixture of religious and secular painting and sculpture. There are several reclining Buddha\'s, including the 15m long sculpture of the dying Buddha in Cave 1. the frescoes on the walls and ceiling are from the 15th-18th centuries; the ceiling frescoes show scenes from the Buddha\'s life and Sinhalese history. Cave 2 is the largest and most impressive, containing over 150 statues, illustrating the Mahayana influences on Buddhism at the time through introducing Hindu deities such a s Vishnu and Ganesh.There is little evidence of monks who are housed in monasteries in the valley below where there is a monks\' school. The Dambulla city is situated in the Central Province of Sri Lanka in the Matale District. Just 72Km from Kandy and 148Km North East from Colombo. Dambulla was designated a World Heritage site in 1991.
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